Incorporated in London in September 1864 as the Imperial Mexican Railway ( Ferrocarril Imperial Mexicano ) to complete an earlier project, it was renamed in July 1867  after the Second French Empire withdrew from Mexico . An N de M Baldwin 'Centipede' diesel locomotive. Maps & Network. In 1907 President Diaz and a large party went to Salina Cruz, where the President set in motion a steam winch which lifted the first piece of cargo from a ship into a goods wagon. Section, and a daily service of through Pullman cars is run from St. Louis over the Missouri Pacific Lines to Laredo and down to Mexico City, the 803 miles in Mexico taking about thirty hours. IN “LITTLE HELL” GORGE, or Infiernillo Canyon, on the line of the Mexican Railway between Vera Cruz and Esperanza. It was begun in the ‘nineties at a time when the completion of the Panama Canal was regarded as impracticable after the failure of the French attempt. The country traversed is noted for its luxuriant vegetation; Dr. Fuchs, the German botanist who gave his name to the fuchsia, lived for some time in this region, where varieties of fuchsias abound. About one-third of the track is laid with 75-lb rails, and 56-lb, 70-lb, and 85-lb rails amount in all to about another third. The National Railways have over 880 locomotives working their standard gauge lines, and some 200 on their 3 ft gauge routes. Another route into Mexico is that via Eagle Pass by a line which joins the route just described at the junction station of Saltillo. Jimenez (373 miles) is the junction for the branch line which runs west to Parral and Rosario, with spurs to other towns. An air-conditioned “hotel on wheels” cruises through Mexico. Find information on railway stations in Mexico State as well as 146 railway stations in Mexico, 788 railway stations in North America Celaya (1,045 miles) is a flourishing city of over 25,000 inhabitants. This town was formerly Paso del Norte (Pass of the North), but was renamed to commemorate President Juarez. ), The Canadian National (CN) railroad leased Canadian-built ALCO Century Series. improved by more than a third. The National Railways have the largest system in Mexico, and also operate other smaller lines. The work was not really finished until just before the beginning of the nineteenth century. In recent years the railway tourist traffic has developed with the co-operation of American railway companies. The first trains to Nuevo Laredo from Mexico City began operating in 1903. Nacionales de Mexico No. NATIONAL RAILWAYS OF MEXICO. It is connected with Oaxaca by the line of the Mexican Southern Railway, which is part of the lines operated by the National Railways. It lies west of Tampico, with which it is connected by a line which crosses the other trunk line to the capital at San Luis Potosi, 140 miles away, and then continues for a further 276 miles to Tampico. Mexico used to have a robust national railway system, but train travel options in the country are fairly limited today. The distance from Nogales to Guadalajara is 1,095 miles, and from there to Mexico City is a further 381, making a total of 1,476 miles. The N de M first began as both a narrow-gauge and standard gauge railroad. The engine is equipped with the Baker valve gear, and has duplicate air-compressors - which can be seen above the rear driving axle - for the Westinghouse brake system. To ensure a proper reduction of speed round the curve flagmen accompany the traffic across the bridge. Of the remaining third 80-lb rails are most numerous. Hidalgo divided some sweets among the firing squad before he was executed. The new line added some seventeen miles to the distance between Queretaro and the capital, the total distance now being 167 miles. Mexico maps; Cities of Mexico. 901 at Oaxaca, Mexico, on October 12 1962. The great firm of Pearson did much to develop modern Mexico, and built the railway and the port of Salina Cruz. By the National Railways’ line, Puebla is a 130 miles journey from Mexico City. This fine steel structure is crossed by trains running between Guadalajara, a junction, and Manzanillo on the west coast of Mexico. This 202 tons engine is employed on heavy goods services, and resembles other Mexican locomotives in following American design. The main groups are: the Mexican Railway, comprising 321½ miles of standard gauge, and over 108 miles of narrow-gauge track; the National Railways with a route mileage of over 8,400, and the Southern Pacific, owning 1,355 miles. 639 (402) 0-8-0RT Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal Location: Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros - Victor Flores Railway Museum Zacatecas (788 miles) lies as high as 8,010 ft, the gradient having been adverse all the way up from Torreon, which is 3,721 ft above the sea. 3026 and no. The longest viaduct (860 ft) is 240 ft high and cost £60,000, and is called Salsipuedes, which means “get out if you can”. Other railways branch off from the town to the east and the west, and the town is the capital of the largest and richest State in Mexico. Their narrow-gauge steam locomotives were very much like the Denver and Rio Grande Western's narrow-gauge steam locomotives; they had a standard-gauge frame and body with a narrow-gauge chassis. Empalme Escobedo (609 miles) is an important junction, and the line here turns to the east. The distance by rail across the isthmus is 188 miles. British-owned railway company, incorporated as the Imperial Mexican Railway in September 1864, later known as the Mexican Railway. CN’s network is your connection to North America and the world. Brownsville, the city on the Texan side of the Rio Grande, is connected by rail with Corpus Christi in the north. Work started in 1607, the first plan being to drive a tunnel, and some 15,000 Indians were forced to labour, thousands dying from hardships. The N de M purchased 14 single unit Baldwin DR-12-8-1500/2 locomotives (better known as "Centipedes", due to the 2-D+D-2 wheel arrangement). Train travel comes to life in ads featuring scenic panoramas and locomotives pulling long strings of streamlined cars. The line thus gains the valley, entering the city and ending at Coloma Station, 7,349 ft above sea-level. Nacionales de Mexico. https://locomotive.fandom.com/wiki/N_de_M?oldid=61041, The railroad itself has been renamed three times, and due to it being renamed, three different companies have existed. It is supported by eight cast-iron and masonry-enclosed pillars. Cattle ranching suffered from the ravages of the bands of Pancho Villa, but is reviving again. The other side of the V is formed by the line going to Tepehuanes, 136 miles to the north-west. Whether you’re shipping across our rail network of approximately 20,000 route-miles of track, shipping globally through the many ports we service on three coasts, or leveraging 23 strategically located Intermodal terminals across our network, we connect you with the people that matter most: your customers. El Paso is on the Texan side of the Rio Grande, and the train crosses the international bridge to Ciudad Juarez, in Mexico. A long train of freight cars hauled by a 2-8-0 goods engine. The name means “Hot Waters”, and the town has a population of over 56,000. Mexico City is the headquarters of the system. WITH THE LOCATION OF DEPOTS, AND VARIOUS TOWNS ALONG THE LINE. The line goes down and then up to Ahuacatlan (989 miles; 3,484 ft). A church at Parral was completed in 1710 at the expense of an Indian miner, who brought a bar of gold every Saturday to pay the builders. A preserved N de M 2-8-0 narrow-gauge steam locomotive. From Irapuato onwards the network of lines is close. The route which keeps practically in the centre of Mexico is that from El Paso-Ciudad Juarez, and is 1,226 miles from Colonia Station, Mexico City, trains taking about forty-eight hours. Escalon (419 miles) is a junction for a line going north-east to a mining area. Can you be the first to build the best rail system south of the border and control the Railways of Mexico? The line was standard gauge from the beginning, and was built in about four years, at an average rate of a mile each working day. 1864 The company took over the main contract for the construction of a railway line from Mexico City to Veracruz from the French Government, and began work on the line in … At the seventy-ninth mile from Mexico City a gorge 1,033 ft wide and 126 ft deep presented a problem. There are sixteen tunnels (two nearly three miles long) in as many miles, twelve viaducts, and many fills and cuttings - to say nothing of a gradient of 1 in 66. IMPOSING ENTRANCE to Puebla Station, which is served by the Mexican Railway and the National Railways. It was built to standard (1435mm) gauge, which was also used for most subsequent railway development in the country. Tehuantepec, 176 miles from Puerto Mexico, and only twelve miles from Salina Cruz, is a town of 10,000 people, and is celebrated for its earthquakes and for its beautiful women, One theory for the earthquakes is that they are due to the efforts of Nature to re-establish the equilibrium of the mountains at this point, where the great backbone of the two Americas is at its lowest point, so that the earth often shakes. GRADIENTS OF 1 IN 22 are encountered on the journey by trains of the Mexican Railway bound for Mexico City. Torreon was founded as recently as 1887 on a ranch, and now has a population of over 26,000. Noted as one of Victor's favorite pictures. Puerto Mexico was formerly known as Coatzacoalcos, but the name was changed in honour of the occasion. East of Mexico City the system of lines is considerable. The above illustration shows one of the steep gradients near Alta Luz, ninety-nine miles from Vera Cruz. This route, opened in 1927, has attracted traffic from California. The raids went on for years until the Mexican Government offered £20 for every Indian warrior’s scalp, later raising the price to £50, and thus checked the trouble. The narrow gauge line had numerous gradients at 1 in 50 or steeper. Piedras Negras is 273 miles from Saltillo and 841 miles from Mexico City. Map of the Mexican National Railway showing the lines granted by the Mexican government to the Mexican National Construction Company (Palmer-Sullivan concession) ALSO CONNECTING RAILROADS AND OTHER TYPES OR TRANSPORTATION ARE SHOW. The Pan-American Railway was opened in 1908, as part of the as yet unrealized scheme to have lines running from North to South America. Tehuacan (5,487 ft), eighty miles from Puebla, is linked by a branch line to Esperanza, which, as previously stated, is at the top of the great climb made by the Mexican Railway line from Vera Cruz. The gradient is stiff to Carneros (259 miles), the line reaching the top of the plateau at an altitude of 7,300 ft. After leaving the capital, passengers are given half a day in Patzcuaro, a day and two nights in Uruapan, nearly a day in Morelia, and some hours in Celaya. It was the capital of the mysterious Toltecs, who appeared in Mexico for about four centuries and disappeared about the eleventh century.